12 Identical Balls
I agree with aquaepulse  it's easy to misread the question and think it's a special case. context 
12 Identical Balls
Though this simplified problem is a good starting point, I think. context 
Black and White Hats
Good question. No, the other prisoners don't need to know whether each prisoner answered correctly. context 
Black and White Hats
Hey Victor, thanks for the comment. If you take a closer look at the solution, you'll see that it works for any number of white and black hats. Try it for the extreme case 0 black hats followed and 100 white hats. They key thing to remember is the third part in the solution: ^{ spoiler} Based on the previous responses, keeping track of whether they should expect an odd or even number of white hats in front of them, every prisoner can determine whether they are wearing a black or white hat. context 
Black and White Hats
Hey Anand, that scheme won't work. Consider this scenario starting from the back: BWBB... According to what you've described, the first prisoner (wearing a black hat), will say "white" and be killed. The second prisoner (wearing a white hat) has to say "black" because the two prisoners in front of him are wearing black. Since he is wearing white, he is killed as well. As such, more than just 1 prisoner is at risk in this design. context 
No if() Only abs()
That's a good point, but I think the idea is to avoid conditionals altogether. Your compiler turns the ternary ( ? : ) operator into the same code that it turns an if statement into (i.e. a conditional branch with two blocks). context 
Random Puzzle
Haha that's kind of clever :) context 
Carpeting a Donut
Love the second explanation, very clever. context 
Going to the Track
Solid puzzle. It should be mentioned that, at the London racetrack, you don't actually time each horse. Each time you race 5 horses, you get their relative ranking (who came 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and 5th) and no other information. context 
Balloon Business
These balloon questions always get me. context 
Coin Flip
Exactly, I find this arises so often with statistics/probability questions...intuition isn't worth a whole lot. After figuring it out or understanding the solution, you start to wonder how many other things you haven't thought about correctly. context 
Multiples of 8 plus 1
So interesting...I'll check wikipedia out for some proofs. context 
Sum of Two Prime Numbers
Took me longer than I'd like to admit...very nice though. context 
12 Identical Balls
So much more manageable...this one is tricky and takes some time. context 
The doublesquare number problem
Very good answer  this seems impossible at first... context 
Cocktail Party
Interesting approach. Combinatorics also works nicely. context 
3 Coins
That sounds right to me. context 
Coin Flip
Whoa  thanks for sharing! context 
Find the Missing Number
I think Squeamish meant that the first and last numbers in each row have the same number of letters. The rest of it is as Squeamish described. context 
Partitioning a set
Ahh, got it! I think the question is clear, but like this one helps a lot. Thanks, cool question! context 
Partitioning a set
Could you explain why, in your illustration, the answer is 3? Doesn't the question say that all the subsets have to be mutually exclusive (i.e. disjoint)? Then, with r=4 and k=2, you have only the sets {1,2} and {3,4}. Introducing any of the other sets you mentioned will violate the "disjointness among subsets" requirement. Am I misunderstanding the question? context 
There are only 4 circles and none of them touch
Ravi, this is not a puzzle. context 
What is the sum of 1+2+3+4+5 . . . (forever)?
The solution seems a little vague  care to explain? context 
Cut the pizza into 11 equal slices with a wrist watch
I'm pretty sure #ProblemsMakeYouHungry is going to take off as a hashtag. context 
12 Identical Balls
I think this still assumes that you know whether the odd ball is heavier or lighter in advance. The question doesn't appear to give you that assumption. context 
No if() Only abs()
Agreed, unless both a and b are zero... context 
Black and White Hats
You're right  I've updated the puzzle :) context 
Multiples of 8 plus 1
No worries  solid explanation! context 
Prisoners and hats
Agreed, I just posted a clearer one here if you're interested: http://www.mindcipher.com/puzzles/151 context 
Prisoners and hats
Here's a clearer version: http://www.mindcipher.com/puzzles/151 context 
Multiples of 8 plus 1
Whoa, the triangular number sounds surprising..could you explain it with another example? If we have 2 and 3: 2^3 = 8, 3^3 = 27. In this case, what's our "triangular number ending in k"? context 
Don't Mate in One
All of the white king's moves are illegal since they put white in check. context 
4
4
Guilty Innocence
I am a drug dealer. I have been questioned by the police with all of my drugs surrounding me, but I was not arrested. Why?

Easy

5
3
Matchsticks
This is a classic Martin Gardner puzzle.
See the picture  the four matchsticks represent a martini glass and the match head represents an olive. Move just two matches so that the glass is reformed bu
...

Doable

5
5
Troll Toll
You are on your way to visit your Grandma, who lives at the end of the valley. It’s her birthday, and you want to give her the cakes you’ve made.
Between your house and her house, you have to cross
...

Easy

16
1
100 Light Bulbs
There are 100 light switches, all of them are off. First, you walk by them, turning all of them on. Next, you walk by them turning every other one off. Then, you walk by them changing every third on
...

Hard

5
3
Don't Eat Me!
Would you rather a crocodile attack you or an alligator?

Doable

4
3
The Middle of Nowhere
What is in the middle of "nowhere"?
The answer is indisputable, and not based on some philosophy.

Easy

2
477
The Bookworm
Looking onto a shelf you see three books each labeled Volume 1, Volume 2, and Volume 3 respectively.
Each book is 2.5 inches thick; that is the pages are 2 inches, and each cover .25 inches.
A bo
...

Doable

2
2
Lockers
A high school has a strange principal. On the first day, he has his students perform an odd opening day ceremony:
There are one thousand lockers and one thousand students in the school. The princip
...

Hard

14
64
Coin Flip
On Monday, you flip a coin all day. You start flipping it until you see the pattern Head, Tail, Head. You record the number of flips required to reach this pattern, and start flipping again (and co
...

Doable

3
The fake coin
You have 9 coins which all look identical but 1 of them weight less than the others. You have a two pan balance (see the picture) with which you can measure twice, and with this 2 measurements you ha
...

Doable

7
2
The bus stop
You’re driving your car to work in the pouring rain when you see three people on the side of the road at an uncovered bus stop. You recognize one as your best friend waiting to go to work, the second
...

Doable

4
3
The Price Is Right
Many shops have prices set just under a round figure, e.g. $9.99 instead of $10.00 or $99.95 instead of $100.00 . It is assumed that this is done because the price seems lower to the consumer. But th
...

Hard

13
20
Black and White Hats
There are 100 prisoners in jail. Their guards decide to play a game with them. Here's what happens:
1) The prisoners are lined up in a single file, front to back, such that the prisoner at the back of
...

Hard

2
3
The Way Engineers Think
A priest, a doctor, and an engineer were waiting one morning for a particularly slow group of golfers.
Engineer: What’s with these guys? We must have been waiting for 15 minutes!
Doctor: I don’t
...

Doable

4
3
Left Hands Only
Assume there are approximately 6,000,000,000 (6 billion) people on Earth. What would you estimate to be the result if you multiply together the number of fingers on every person’s lefthands?
For t
...

Hard

3
1
What number is next?
What number comes next in this sequence?
4, 20, 56, 120, 220, ?

Doable

2
1
What Am I?
Give me food, and I will live
Give me water, and I will die
What am I?

Doable

4
9
Don't Mate in One
This problem was first publicized by Karl Fabel, a German chess problemist.
Find a move for white that will not result in an immediate checkmate of the black king.

Doable

0
3
Don't be a Square
Shown is a large square made up of four shapes, and a separate square, labeled with an E. Using all five of the shapes (A through E) only once, can you form a second perfect square?

Doable

1
2
Running Race
Phil and Sal race each other for 100 yards. Sal wins by 10 yards. They decide
to race again, but this time, to even things up, Sal begins 10 yards behind the start
line. Assuming that both run with t
...

Doable

0
2
My eyes
My eyes fold like telescopes
and view the world like periscopes
Who am I?
For a hint you should know
I run really slow
and walk as fast as i can.
Do you know who I am?

Doable

0
1
What is Sammy exactly?
Police! Police!
She cried,
Police! he died!
Sammy was my friend.
If this is the end
and i wont see him again,
let me give just a kiss.
Sammy was my friend.
Down the roar he shall slide
turning ro
...

Easy

7
7
The Neighbourhood
People say Einstein suggested that 98% of the world’s population couldn’t figure out the answer to this puzzle. It is not for the faint of heart:
There are 5 houses each with a different color. Th
...

Hard

6
2
Salary
Three coworkers would like to know their average salary. how can they do it, without disclosing their own salaries.

Doable

4
5
Boys and Girls
To help solve an acute national overpopulation problem, a government issues a radical decree that families must stop having children as soon as they have had one son. After a while, there are some
...

Doable

4
4
Attic Light Switch
A downstairs panel contains three onoff switches. One of them controls the lamp in your attic. Using only ONE trip up to the attic, how do you determine which switch controls the lamp?

Doable

5
7
Balloon in an Elevator
A person is holding on to a helium balloon in an elevator. The elevator cable snaps, and at the exact same moment, the person lets go of the helium balloon. In the perspective of the person in the el
...

Hard

3
3
Power of 2 (Microsoft Interview)
Given any number n, using one line of C (using no external libraries or functions) code, determine if n is a power of 2. Return 1 if n is a power of 2 and 0 if not.

Doable

2
3
Tick Tock
With a sevenminute hourglass and an elevenminute hourglass,
what is the quickest way to time the boiling of an egg for fifteen minutes?

Easy

4
2
Gone Camping
Camp Crona’s cook, Allison, was just about to begin preparing the picnic lunch for all the campers. She already knew she needed to fill 55 bowls of the same size and capacity with the same amount of fo
...

Easy

2
1
Farmer's Market
You’re a farmer. You’re going to a market to buy some animals. On the market there are 3 types of animals for sale. You can buy:
Horses for £10 each, goats for £1 each and ducks, you get 8 of these
...

Doable

8
224
NonAdaptive 12 Identical Balls
Okay  so I posted this puzzle to reddit a few weeks ago and one guy had the following comment:
Same problem, but your solution must be nonadaptive. IOW, specify the weighings that you will make up f
...

Hard

10
42
Fork in the road
You are walking down a road and arrive at a fork that splits the road into two separate paths. When you reach, you meet two identical twins, each standing at the edge of one of the two paths. You h
...

Doable

12
2
Simple 24
Why is that if p is a prime number bigger than 3, then p^21 is always divisible by 24 with no remainder?

Hard

54
40
All the King's Wine
So there's this king. Someone breaks into his wine cellar where he stores 1000 bottles of wine. This person proceeds to poison one of the 1000 bottles, but gets away too quickly for the king's guard
...

Hard

9
2
Three Idols
Here's a classic:
Three gods A, B, and C are called, in some order, True, False, and Random. True always speaks truly, False always speaks falsely, but whether Random speaks truly or falsely is a comp
...

Hard

4
4
Microsoft Interview Question  Count it Out
This problem is more targeted towards people with Computer Science or similar backgrounds, it is a REAL question from an interview with Microsoft.
You have an array of 99 unique numbers from 0100.
...

Doable

4
3
Divide 1 to 20
What is the smallest whole number that can be divided by any number from 1 to 20 (inclusive) and not leave a remainder? For example, 60 is the smallest number that can be divided evenly by all the n
...

Doable
